Algorithmic Bias

Algorithmic bias has been discovered or theorized in cases ranging from election outcomes to the spread of online hate speech.

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Mata Hari

Margaretha Geertruida “Margreet” MacLeod was a Dutch exotic dancer and courtesan who was convicted of being a spy for Germany during World War I.

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Blue Whale

The game reportedly consists of a series of tasks assigned to players by administrators over a 50-day period, with the final challenge requiring the player to commit suicide.

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Gods’ Man

Gods’ Man is a wordless novel by American artist Lynd Ward (1905–1985) published in 1929. In 139 captionless woodblock prints, it tells the Faustian story of an artist who signs away his soul for a magic paintbrush. Gods’ Man was the first American wordless novel, and is considered a precursor of the graphic novel.

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Maenad

The goal was to achieve a state of enthusiasm in which the celebrants’ souls were temporarily freed from their earthly bodies and were able to commune with Bacchus/Dionysus and gain a glimpse of and a preparation for what they would someday experience in eternity. The rite climaxed in a performance of frenzied feats of strength and madness.

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Hyper Text Coffee Pot Control Protocol

The Hyper Text Coffee Pot Control Protocol (HTCPCP) is a facetious communications protocol for controlling, monitoring, and diagnosing coffee pots.

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Trobriand Islands

In Trobriand society, it is taboo to eat in front of others. As Jennifer Shute noted, “the Trobrianders eat alone, retiring to their own hearths with their portions, turning their backs on one another and eating rapidly for fear of being observed.”

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Hatebeak

Hatebeak is a death metal band, formed by Blake Harrison and Mark Sloan, featuring Waldo, a Congo African grey parrot. Hatebeak is the only band to have an avian vocalist.

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Chinese Room

The Chinese room argument holds that a program cannot give a computer a “mind”, “understanding” or “consciousness”, regardless of how intelligently or human-like the program may make the computer behave.

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Michael Townley

Michael Vernon Townley is a former agent of the Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional currently living under terms of the US federal witness protection program. Townley worked in producing chemical weapons for Chilean dictator General Pinochet.

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Patek Philippe Henry Graves Supercomplication

It took three years to design, and another five years to manufacture the watch, which was delivered to Henry Graves on January 19, 1933. The Supercomplication was the world’s most complicated mechanical timepiece for more than 50 years, with a total of 24 different functions.

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Varangian Guard

The Varangian guards’ loyalties lay with the position of Emperor, not the man that sat on the throne. This was made clear in 969 when the guards failed to avenge the death by assassination of Emperor Nikephoros II. A servant had managed to call for the guards while the Emperor was being attacked, but when they arrived he was dead. They immediately knelt before John Tzimiskes, Nikephoros’ murderer and hailed him as Emperor. “Alive they would have defended him to the last breath: dead there was no point in avenging him. They had a new master now.”

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One-Electron Universe

I received a telephone call one day at the graduate college at Princeton from Professor Wheeler, in which he said, “Feynman, I know why all electrons have the same charge and the same mass” “Why?” “Because, they are all the same electron!”

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Netocracy

Alexander Bard describes a new underclass called the consumtariat, a portmanteau of consumer and proletariat, whose main activity is consumption, regulated from above. It is kept occupied with private problems, its desires provoked with the use of adverts and its active participation is limited to things like product choice, product customization, engaging with interactive products and life-style choice.

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Muggletonianism

The Devil, on the other hand, should not be likened to a character from a Ben Jonson play. When the one reprobate angel was tossed from heaven to earth, he perished, but not before impregnating Eve so that Cain was born to perpetuate his frustrated rage upon this earth.

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Susannah

This tapestry captures the moment when Susannah is accused of adultery by the two iniquitous Elders.

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Chesty Puller

Once he came upon a second lieutenant who had ordered an enlisted man to salute him 100 times for missing a salute. Puller told the lieutenant, “You were absolutely correct in making him salute you 100 times, lieutenant, but you know that an officer must return every salute he receives. Now return them all, and I will keep count.”

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Gobelins Manufactory

The Gobelins were a family of dyers who, in the middle of the 15th century, established themselves in the Faubourg Saint-Marcel, Paris, on the banks of the Bièvre.

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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

By directing the magnetic field pulse at a targeted area of the brain, one can either depolarize or hyperpolarize neurons.

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Sanxingdui

The Sanxingdui Culture was a mysterious civilization in southern China.

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