Judith Leyster

Although well-known during her lifetime and esteemed by her contemporaries, Leyster and her work became largely forgotten after her death. Her rediscovery came in 1893, when it emerged that a painting admired for over a century as a work of Frans Hals had actually been painted by Leyster.

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Neuromarketing

Zaltman theorised a technique called ZMET; this involved using visual representations to help uncover underlying and deep thoughts within a person. With the use of ZMET, Zaltman aimed to make powerful, emotionally completing advertising.

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Propaganda Due

Propaganda Due was a Masonic lodge founded in 1945 that, by the time its Masonic charter was withdrawn in 1976, had transformed into a clandestine, pseudo-Masonic, ultraright organization.

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Gelotophobia

Gelotophobia is a fear of being laughed at. Titze observed a specific movement pattern among them when they thought they were being laughed at—awkward, wooden movements that resembled those of wooden puppets.

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Dysphemism

Bad or taboo words for many things far outnumber the “good” words. Hugh Rawson notices in his book Wicked Words that when looking at Roget’s International Thesaurus, there are “…89 synonyms for drunk, compared to 16 for sober, and 206 for bad person compared to 82 for good person.

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Leprosy Colony Money

Leprosy colony money was special money which circulated only in leprosy sanatoriums (leper colonies) due to the fear that the leprosy bacteria would infect other people.

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Incense Clock

The clocks’ bodies are effectively specialized censers that hold incense sticks or powdered incense that have been manufactured and calibrated to a known rate of combustion, used to measure minutes, hours, or days.

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Visual Release Hallucinations

Visual release hallucinations are the experience of complex visual hallucinations in a person with partial or severe blindness.

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Operation Earnest Voice

Operation Earnest Voice is an astroturfing campaign by the US government. The aim of the initiative is to use sockpuppets to spread pro-American propaganda on social networking sites based outside of the US.

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The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

Our ancestors gave vent to their feelings in a way that we would be ashamed of, and their range of feeling seems to have been in some degree more limited. The language of the countenance, like that of the tongue, has been enriched in the process of the suns….

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Protein Poisoning

Protein poisoning (also referred to colloquially as rabbit starvation, mal de caribou, or fat starvation) is a rare form of acute malnutrition thought to be caused by a complete absence of fat.

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Gay Bomb

The “halitosis bomb” and “gay bomb” are informal names for two theoretical non-lethal chemical weapons that a United States Air Force research laboratory speculated about producing.

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Rumpology

Rumpology can be performed either by sight, touch or by using buttock prints. In addition to live readings, Jackie Stallone will perform buttock readings using e-mailed digital photographs, and has claimed to predict the outcome of Presidential elections and Oscar awards by reading the bottoms of her two pet Doberman Pinschers.

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Surreal Number

In mathematics, the surreal number system is a totally ordered class containing the real numbers as well as infinite and infinitesimal numbers, respectively larger or smaller in absolute value than any positive real number.

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Damnatio Memoriae

Damnatio memoriae is a modern Latin phrase literally meaning “condemnation of memory,” meaning that a person must not be remembered.

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Drapetomania

Drapetomania was a conjectural mental illness that, in 1851, American physician Samuel A. Cartwright hypothesized to cause Black slaves to flee captivity.

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Electroreception

Weakly electric fish can also communicate by modulating the electrical waveform they generate, an ability known as electrocommunication.

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Scaramouche

Scaramuccia is a stock clown character of the Italian commedia dell’arte (comic theatrical arts). The role combined characteristics of the zanni (servant) and the Capitano (masked henchman).

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Dexter and Sinister

Dexter and sinister are terms used in heraldry to refer to specific locations in an escutcheon bearing a coat of arms, and to the other elements of an achievement.

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Rumination Syndrome

Rumination syndrome is an under-diagnosed chronic motility disorder characterized by effortless regurgitation of most meals following consumption, due to the involuntary contraction of the muscles around the abdomen.

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